How to prevent hair fall in females is one of the common question raised by many women. Before getting to the solution, it is necessary to first know the basic details of this part. Hair is an important characteristic of our body. The soles of our feet and palms of our hands are the only places where there is no growth of hair. Hair contains Keratin, which is one of the types of protein that is produced in hair follicles. These follicles are present on the outer layer of skin. As new hair cells are formed, the older cells get pushed out through the skin’s surface. On an adult’s head, there are nearly 1, 00,000 to 1, 50,000 hairs of which, 100 are lost every day. Around 90% of hair remains in the growth stage at any given point of time. There is a life cycle for hair follicles that is influenced by several factors like age, disease, poor condition and so on. This life cycle has three phases, which are:
- Anagen – Active hair growth lasting 2 to 6 years
- Catagen – Transitional hair growth lasting 2 to 3 weeks
- Telogen – Old hair sheds during the resting phase and gets replaced by new hair. This phase lasts for 2 to 3 months.
Types of Hair Loss:
There are several kinds of hair loss and some of these are listed below.
1) Involutional Alopecia:
This is a natural condition, where hair starts thinning as you age. Most of the hair follicles go in the resting stage, while the hair remains short and growth count also decreases.
2) Androgenic Alopecia:
Androgenic Alopecia is one of the types of hair loss in women and men as well. This is a genetic condition, which is called as male pattern baldness in men and female pattern baldness in women. In men, this problem can arise during their teenage or early twenties. It causes a receding hairline and the hair from the frontal scalp and crown gradually disappears. Meanwhile, women hardly notice hair thinning until they turn forty or older. General thinning takes place over their scalp, and hair fall is observed mostly in the crown area.
3) Alopecia Areata:
It triggers suddenly and leads to patchy hair loss mostly in young individuals and kids too. If the condition is severe, it can also result in alopecia totalis, meaning complete baldness. But most of the people with this condition, experience a normal hair growth within a couple of years.
4) Alopecia Universalis:
In this condition, hair loss not only takes place on the scalp but on the whole body including eyelashes, eyebrows and pubic hair as well.
5) Telogen Effluvium:
In this type, hair starts thinning on the scalp when there are changes in hair growth cycle. It causes all the hair to go into the resting phase, thus leading to thinning and shedding of hair. This hair thinning is however, temporary.
This condition takes place mostly in children. It is basically a psychological disorder that makes people to pull out their own hair.
7) Scarring Alopecia:
Different kinds of skin diseases and inflammatory skin conditions often result in scars, which can affect the hair’s ability to regenerate. Some of these skin disorders include lupus, lichen planus, folliculitis, acne and cellulitis etc. All these conditions and even scars can lead to permanent hair loss,
8) Traction Alopecia:
This kind is seen mostly in women. It arises when hair is tightly woven, pulled out or because of tension on hair shafts due to different hair styles. This condition sets off because of prolonged traction, which can inhibit the development of new hair follicles and cause permanent hair loss.
9) Anagen Effluvium:
Use of chemicals, like those present in drugs for cancer treatment, leads to Anagen Effluvium. Initially, an individual experiences patchy hair loss, which can eventually turn into complete hair loss. However, this problem can be hindered by discontinuing such chemicals. Once the chemical usage is stopped, it might take nearly 6 months for the hair to grow back normally.
Reasons for Hair Loss in Women:
In her entire life, a woman undergoes a lot of changes in her body. Most of these changes actually become the key causes of baldness in women. Depending upon the type, the problem of hair loss can be treated. But in order to provide better treatment, it is necessary to find out its root cause. When it comes to the causes, there are many. The list below focuses on some of the common but important reasons for hair fall in women.
1) Protein Deficiency:
Hair is comprised of Keratin, a component that acts as both internal and external protective protein to the hair. Hair receives strength and resistance from this protein. Hence, intake of unhealthy food items or those which have less or no protein can make the hair brittle. Without Keratin, hair gradually loses its shine, strength and falls eventually.
Anemia is one of the health problems that most of the women face because of low iron content in their diet. Women turn anemic when there is low level of haemoglobin or red blood cells. The haemoglobin level reduces mainly due to insufficient folic acid in the body or during heavy menstruation. Improper or unhealthy diet is also one of the contributing factors for this condition. When there is no enough haemoglobin, the body parts including hair follicles, receive less oxygen. This causes the hair to become weak, break and ultimately fall out.
3) Bad Hair Etiquette:
Frequent and additional use of hair products is also one of the main reasons for hair fall in women. With an intention to look stylish, women these days are relying more on hair styling products and tools such as straighteners, curling iron, colours, sprays, gels and many more. All these cause damage to the hair and inhibit growth. Besides, different hair styles like tight ponytails, and wrong combs can further increase the problem.
During menopause, a woman experiences several changes and hair loss is one among them. It happens because of low level of estrogen hormones in the body. It first makes the hair dry and eventually leads to hair fall if proper care is not taken. Intake of healthy diet and use of mild shampoos is recommended in such cases.
5) Child Birth:
Hair fall after delivery is another main reason among the list. During pregnancy, a woman has high levels of estrogen and hence, they notice good hair growth. The hormone levels come back to normalcy after the child birth. This again leads to hair fall but only for a certain time period.
6) Excess Use of Medicines:
If women are on medication like birth control drugs or when using medicines for chronic diseases, this can trigger hair fall. Chemotherapy, hormonal pills and such therapies can have a major effect.
7) Scalp Infections:
Unhealthy scalp or infections such as ringworm, results in scaly patches and hair loss. But such infections can be treated, which leads to normal hair growth.
8) Physical or Emotional Shock:
Women, who had experienced an emotional or physical shock, are likely to lose a lot of hair. Trigger events such as death of a family member, sudden loss of weight, major surgery, or any other shocking event can lead to hair fall.
In addition to these, factors such as age and family history also cause the loss of hair.
Prevent Hair Fall in Females Treatment:
Hair loss treatment is vital for any women who experiences continuous or severe hair fall problem. It is essential to check with a doctor regarding the problem before it turns worse. But before you take appointment and visit a doctor, first list out your personal information like if you have faced any stressful events, shocks, usage of medicines, health issues etc. Such details help a physician to understand the root cause, ways to prevent hair fall in females by providing you with better hair fall treatment.
Prior to the treatment, an individual must go through some physical tests like blood test, pull test, scalp biopsy, and light microscopy etc. Based on the results of these tests, a doctor will start treatment suitable for that condition.
Today, there is effective treatment available for different kinds of hair loss. Some conditions like patchy alopecia are temporary, while some require treatment. Based on the condition, a physician may suggest suitable treatment like drugs, laser therapy, surgery or use of specific hair growth products. Sometimes, a combination of one or two of these is also recommended to a patient. Irrespective of the kind of treatment, the main goal of a physician is to reduce the problem of hair fall and promote hair growth.
How to prevent hair fall for female at home?
Because of several reasons, many women do not prefer medical treatment but instead, opt for hair fall treatment at home. This is also one of the best alternatives, but takes a little longer compared to the other option. Moreover, it is not a good choice if the condition is severe and requires medical help at any cost. However, if you are among those who have just started noticing the problem, them home remedies are the best thing to go with. There are a number of traditional ways to prevent hair fall in females and some of them are listed below:
1) Indian Gooseberry:
Indian Gooseberry, which is popularly called as Amla, is abundant with Vitamin C. Inadequate level of Vitamin C in the body can result in loss of hair. Besides, Amla is also rich in antioxidants, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that keeps the scalp healthy and promotes hair growth. Regular intake of Indian Gooseberry can also keep the risk of hair fall at bay.
2) Onion Juice:
Onion is known to have good amount of sulphur that aids better circulation of blood, lowers inflammation, and restores hair follicles. In addition, onion contains antibacterial properties that help to treat infections on the scalp by killing germs and parasites. Regular application of this juice on the scalp helps to promote hair growth.
3) Aloe Vera:
If you are wondering how to prevent hair fall for female, then Aloe Vera is definitely one of the best remedies. It has plenty of enzymes that cause hair to grow in a healthy manner. Besides, its alkalizing properties help to bring the pH level of scalp and hair to normal, thus leading to better hair growth. Application of this juice or gel cools down the scalp, reduces inflammation, relieves itching, reduces and even prevents dandruff as well as other infections.
It is another effective remedy to prevent hair fall in females. The seeds of Fenugreek are full of hormone antecedents that help to restore hair follicles, and stimulate hair growth. These are also rich in nicotinic acid and proteins that enhances the hair growth.
Egg is one of the best remedies that women can try to get the lost hair and to prevent the hair fall further. It contains a number of healthy components that result in healthy hair growth. It in abundant with selenium, proteins, sulphur, phosphorous, zinc and iodine etc, which all strengthens the hair from its root and aids in better growth.